White-rumped Sandpiper
(Calidris fuscicollis)


Picture of bird
© Ryan Clancy
For additional photos and vocalizations, visit Dendroica. (Link opens in a new window.)

The White-rumped Sandpiper breeds across the Canadian Arctic and winters in southern South America. During southward migration, the White-rumped Sandpiper passes through eastern North America. Surveys at these stopover sites suggest there has been little change in abundance of the species relative to about 1970, although these results have poor precision. Nevertheless, their behaviour of travelling long distances between a restricted set of staging sites means that they are susceptible to disturbance and habitat change at these key sites. With a large percentage of the global breeding population, Canada's responsibility for the species is very high. This species has been identified as a priority for conservation and/or stewardship in one or more Bird Conservation Region Strategies in Canada.


Listing of the main designations for the species
DesignationStatusDateSubspecies, population
IUCN (Global)Least Concern2012 
Wild Species (Canada)Secure2010 
Bird Conservation Region StrategyPriority Species2013 

Population status

Geographic areaStatusReliability
CanadaLittle ChangeLow

Population estimate

Canada> 1,000,000 adults (includes birds breeding and migrating within Canada)

Distribution maps


Migration strategy, occurrence

Long-distance migrant

Responsibility for conservation of world population

CanadaVery High

Conservation and management

The White-rumped Sandpiper undertakes extremely long migrations and depends on good foraging conditions at stopover sites to fuel these migrations. Wetland loss in interior North America is detrimental to the species during northward migration (e.g., Parmelee 1992a), and loss or degradation of Atlantic coast habitats to development, recreational disturbance, sea-level rise, baitworm harvest and other human influences could adversely affect southbound migrants (Butler et al. 2004). However, the species' current status appears secure.


Bird conservation region strategies

Environment and Climate Change Canada and partners have developed Bird Conservation Region Strategies in each of Canada’s Bird Conservation Regions (BCRs). In these strategies, selected species are identified as priorities for one or more of the following reasons:

  • conservation concerns (i.e., species vulnerable due to population size, distribution, population trend, abundance, or threats)
  • stewardship responsibilities (i.e., species that typify the regional avifauna or have a large proportion of their range or population in the sub-region)
  • management concerns (i.e., species that require ongoing management because of their socio-economic importance as game species, or because of their impacts on other species or habitats)
  • other concerns (i.e., species deemed a priority by regional experts for other reasons than those listed above or because they are listed as species at risk or concern at the provincial level)

Select any of the sub-regions below to view the BCR strategy for additional details.

BCRs, marine biogeographic units, and sub-regions in which the species is listed as a priority
RegionSub-region and priority type
Gulf of St. LawrenceGulf of St. Lawrence, sub-region and priority type: Atlantic Region - Newfoundland and Labrador
Newfoundland and Labrador Shelves Newfoundland and Labrador Shelves , sub-region and priority type: Atlantic Region - Newfoundland and Labrador
Taiga Shield and Hudson PlainsTaiga Shield and Hudson Plains, sub-region and priority type: Ontario Region