American Robin
(Turdus migratorius)


Picture of bird
© Jukka Jantunen (
For additional photos and vocalizations, visit Dendroica. (Link opens in a new window.)

The American Robin is an easily recognizable and common songbird found across North America. The Breeding Bird Survey suggests little change in the population relative to about 1970. However, the species was heavily impacted by DDT and other pesticides from the 1950s to the 1970s (Vanderhoff et al. 2016). Although population levels before these die-offs are largely unknown, the species is still very abundant and widespread (Vanderhoff et al. 2016). The American Robin currently faces few substantial conservation threats.


Main designations for the species
DesignationStatusDateSubspecies, population
IUCN (Global)Least concern2018 
Wild Species (Canada)Secure2015 

Population status

Geographic area or populationPopulation change relative to ~1970ReliabilityStatus in relation to goal
CanadaLittle ChangeHighAt an Acceptable Level

Population estimate

Geographic area or populationPopulation estimate
Canada> 50,000,000 adults

Distribution maps


Migration strategy, occurrence

Short-distance migrant

Responsibility for conservation

Geographic areaResponsibility based on % of global population

General nesting period in Canada

Nesting period starts between late March and mid-June and ends between mid-July and early August, depending on the region. Before or after this period, the probability of an active nest is lower.

Conservation and management

One of the most recognizable birds in North America, the American Robin is broadly distributed throughout the continent (Vanderhoff et al. 2016). After the banning of DDT in the 1950's, the species began to make a comeback due in part to their flexible nesting requirements and their ability to thrive in human altered landscapes (Vanderhoff et al. 2016). The American Robin is an abundant species; there are currently no conservation concerns.


Bird conservation region strategies

Environment and Climate Change Canada and partners have developed Bird Conservation Region Strategies in each of Canada’s Bird Conservation Regions (BCRs). In these strategies, selected species are identified as priorities for one or more of the following reasons:

  • conservation concerns (i.e., species vulnerable due to population size, distribution, population trend, abundance, or threats)
  • stewardship responsibilities (i.e., species that typify the regional avifauna or have a large proportion of their range or population in the sub-region)
  • management concerns (i.e., species that require ongoing management because of their socio-economic importance as game species, or because of their impacts on other species or habitats)
  • other concerns (i.e., species deemed a priority by regional experts for other reasons than those listed above or because they are listed as species at risk or concern at the provincial level)

Select any of the sub-regions below to view the BCR strategy for additional details.

BCRs, marine biogeographic units, and sub-regions in which the species is listed as a priority
RegionSub-region and priority type