Cinnamon Teal
(Spatula cyanoptera)


Picture of bird
© Mike Baird - License
For additional photos and vocalizations, visit Dendroica. (Link opens in a new window.)

Unlike most North American dabbling ducks, the Cinnamon Teal breeds in low densities in the midcontinent Prairie-Parkland Region and its core habitat is in the Great Basin and Western Intermountain regions of the United States. Its distribution in Canada is limited to southern British Columbia, southern Alberta, and southwestern Saskatchewan. Since most Cinnamon Teal breed outside standardized waterfowl survey areas in North America, and because counts of Cinnamon Teal and Blue-winged Teal are combined during the spring surveys on the main waterfowl breeding grounds, accurate continental population estimates are unavailable for Cinnamon Teal. This species has been identified as a priority for conservation and/or stewardship in one or more Bird Conservation Region Strategies in Canada.


Main designations for the species
DesignationStatusDateSubspecies, population
IUCN (Global)Least concern2018 
Partners in Flight (North America)Watch list - yellow D2017 
Wild Species (Canada)Secure2015 
Bird Conservation Region StrategyPriority Species2013 

Population status

Geographic area or populationPopulation change relative to ~1970ReliabilityStatus in relation to goal
CanadaData DeficientData DeficientData Deficient

Population estimate

Geographic area or populationPopulation estimate
CanadaNot yet available

Distribution maps


Migration strategy, occurrence

Long-distance migrant

Responsibility for conservation

Geographic areaResponsibility based on % of global population
CanadaVery Low

Conservation and management

The Cinnamon Teal is one of the least-studied waterfowl species in North America. Basic information on the ecology of the species is still lacking. In particular, reliable, accurate demographic information would be needed to determine population status and responses to harvest and habitat management. Because of its restricted range in Canada, and because the Cinnamon Teal is one of the earliest migrants to leave the breeding ground in the fall, the Cinnamon Teal harvest is thought to be limited in Canada. In the United States, the Cinnamon Teal and Blue-winged Teal  harvest data are combined, so species-specific information is unavailable.


Bird conservation region strategies

Environment and Climate Change Canada and partners have developed Bird Conservation Region Strategies in each of Canada’s Bird Conservation Regions (BCRs). In these strategies, selected species are identified as priorities for one or more of the following reasons:

  • conservation concerns (i.e., species vulnerable due to population size, distribution, population trend, abundance, or threats)
  • stewardship responsibilities (i.e., species that typify the regional avifauna or have a large proportion of their range or population in the sub-region)
  • management concerns (i.e., species that require ongoing management because of their socio-economic importance as game species, or because of their impacts on other species or habitats)
  • other concerns (i.e., species deemed a priority by regional experts for other reasons than those listed above or because they are listed as species at risk or concern at the provincial level)

Select any of the sub-regions below to view the BCR strategy for additional details.

BCRs, marine biogeographic units, and sub-regions in which the species is listed as a priority
RegionSub-region and priority type
Great BasinGreat Basin, sub-region and priority type: Pacific and Yukon -- Other
Northern Pacific RainforestNorthern Pacific Rainforest, sub-region and priority type: Pacific and Yukon -- Other
Northern RockiesNorthern Rockies, sub-region and priority type: Pacific and Yukon -- Other


  • Bellrose, FC. 1980. Ducks, geese and swans of North America. Stackpole, New York, New York, USA.