Eurasian Skylark
(Alauda arvensis)


Picture of bird
© Jukka Jantunen (
For additional photos and vocalizations, visit Dendroica. (Link opens in a new window.)

The Eurasian Skylark (formerly Sky Lark) was introduced to Canada through a series of releases in 1903 and 1913 (Campbell et al. 1997). A viable population was established in the area around Victoria, British Columbia, and numbers grew quickly to an all-time high in the 1960s. Since then, results from the Christmas Bird Count indicate that the population has decreased significantly. National population goals have not been established for this or other introduced species.


Main designations for the species
DesignationStatusDateSubspecies, population
IUCN (Global)Least concern2018 
Wild Species (Canada)Not applicable2015 

Population status

Geographic area or populationPopulation change relative to ~1970ReliabilityStatus in relation to goal
CanadaLarge DecreaseHighNot Applicable

Population estimate

Geographic area or populationPopulation estimate
Canada< 500 adults

Distribution maps


Migration strategy, occurrence


Responsibility for conservation

Geographic areaResponsibility based on % of global population
CanadaNot Applicable

Conservation and management

Habitat loss to urban development is thought to be the main cause of the population decline of this species in Canada (Campbell et al. 1997). As an introduced species in Canada though, the Eurasian Skylark is not of national conservation concern. A management plan was established at the Victoria International Airport to improve habitat for skylarks using altered mowing regimes and other techniques (Davidson 2015), since the species is now restricted to four sites on the Saanich Peninsula, north of Victoria (Davidson 2015). Breeding birds prefer short grass and cultivated habitat like mowed fields, fallow agricultural fields, and daffodil fields (Davidson 2015).


Bird conservation region strategies

Environment and Climate Change Canada and partners have developed Bird Conservation Region Strategies in each of Canada’s Bird Conservation Regions (BCRs). In these strategies, selected species are identified as priorities for one or more of the following reasons:

  • conservation concerns (i.e., species vulnerable due to population size, distribution, population trend, abundance, or threats)
  • stewardship responsibilities (i.e., species that typify the regional avifauna or have a large proportion of their range or population in the sub-region)
  • management concerns (i.e., species that require ongoing management because of their socio-economic importance as game species, or because of their impacts on other species or habitats)
  • other concerns (i.e., species deemed a priority by regional experts for other reasons than those listed above or because they are listed as species at risk or concern at the provincial level)

Select any of the sub-regions below to view the BCR strategy for additional details.

BCRs, marine biogeographic units, and sub-regions in which the species is listed as a priority
RegionSub-region and priority type