Tufted Titmouse
(Baeolophus bicolor)


Picture of bird
© Paul Pratt
For additional photos and vocalizations, visit Dendroica. (Link opens in a new window.)

The Tufted Titmouse is a rare species in Canada, whose populations are restricted primarily to southern Ontario's Carolinian forests and, more recently, southern Quebec and New Brunswick. First reported in Canada in 1914, the Tufted Titmouse has spread slowly since then (Read 2007). Breeding bird atlases in Ontario, Quebec, and the Maritimes indicate range expansions and an increase in detections in these areas, and  Breeding Bird Survey results suggest a large increase in the Canadian population.


Main designations for the species
DesignationStatusDateSubspecies, population
IUCN (Global)Least concern2018 
Wild Species (Canada)Apparently secure2015 

Population status

Geographic area or populationPopulation change relative to ~1970ReliabilityStatus in relation to goal
CanadaLarge IncreaseHighAt an Acceptable Level

Population estimate

Geographic area or populationPopulation estimate
Canada< 1,000 adults

Distribution maps


Migration strategy, occurrence


Responsibility for conservation

Geographic areaResponsibility based on % of global population
CanadaVery Low

Conservation and management

Canada hosts a very small but increasing portion of the North American Tufted Titmouse population. Its increasing numbers and northward expansion are likely the result of climate warming and increased bird feeding (Ritchison et al. 2015). The recent increase in southeastern Canada is likely due to immigration from the expanding populations in adjacent Michigan, New York, Vermont, and Maine (Sauer et al. 2017). There is no current conservation concern for this species in Canada.


Bird conservation region strategies

Environment and Climate Change Canada and partners have developed Bird Conservation Region Strategies in each of Canada’s Bird Conservation Regions (BCRs). In these strategies, selected species are identified as priorities for one or more of the following reasons:

  • conservation concerns (i.e., species vulnerable due to population size, distribution, population trend, abundance, or threats)
  • stewardship responsibilities (i.e., species that typify the regional avifauna or have a large proportion of their range or population in the sub-region)
  • management concerns (i.e., species that require ongoing management because of their socio-economic importance as game species, or because of their impacts on other species or habitats)
  • other concerns (i.e., species deemed a priority by regional experts for other reasons than those listed above or because they are listed as species at risk or concern at the provincial level)

Select any of the sub-regions below to view the BCR strategy for additional details.

BCRs, marine biogeographic units, and sub-regions in which the species is listed as a priority
RegionSub-region and priority type