White-eyed Vireo
(Vireo griseus)


Picture of bird
© Jukka Jantunen (flickr.com/photos/jukka_jantunen)
For additional photos and vocalizations, visit Dendroica. (Link opens in a new window.)

The White-eyed Vireo is a rare breeder in shrubby thickets and fallow pastures, with a limited distribution in southern Ontario. The bulk of the breeding population for this species is in the United States, where there has been a moderate increase in population since the early 1970s. However, data are insufficient to determine its population status in Canada.


Main designations for the species
DesignationStatusDateSubspecies, population
IUCN (Global)Least concern2018 
Wild Species (Canada)Not applicable2015 

Population status

Geographic area or populationPopulation change relative to ~1970ReliabilityStatus in relation to goal
CanadaData DeficientData DeficientData Deficient

Population estimate

Geographic area or populationPopulation estimate
Canada< 500 adults

Distribution maps


Migration strategy, occurrence

Long-distance migrant

Responsibility for conservation

Geographic areaResponsibility based on % of global population
CanadaVery Low

Conservation and management

The lack of reliable monitoring data for this species makes it difficult to determine population status and assess conservation concerns. Like many scrubland-dependent species, the White-eyed Vireo may be affected by increasing habitat loss and degradation. Reduction of early successional scrubland habitat as a result of intensive agriculture and urban development may limit opportunities for expansion (Hopp et al. 1995, James 2007b).


Bird conservation region strategies

Environment and Climate Change Canada and partners have developed Bird Conservation Region Strategies in each of Canada’s Bird Conservation Regions (BCRs). In these strategies, selected species are identified as priorities for one or more of the following reasons:

  • conservation concerns (i.e., species vulnerable due to population size, distribution, population trend, abundance, or threats)
  • stewardship responsibilities (i.e., species that typify the regional avifauna or have a large proportion of their range or population in the sub-region)
  • management concerns (i.e., species that require ongoing management because of their socio-economic importance as game species, or because of their impacts on other species or habitats)
  • other concerns (i.e., species deemed a priority by regional experts for other reasons than those listed above or because they are listed as species at risk or concern at the provincial level)

Select any of the sub-regions below to view the BCR strategy for additional details.

BCRs, marine biogeographic units, and sub-regions in which the species is listed as a priority
RegionSub-region and priority type


  • Hopp, S.L., A. Kirby and C.A. Boone. 1995. White-eyed Vireo (Vireo griseus), The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York. Hopp, S.L., A. Kirby and C.A. Boone. 1995. White-eyed Vireo (Vireo griseus), The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York. (Link)
  • James, R. 1987. White-eyed Vireo. pp. 344-345 in: Atlas of the Breeding Birds of Ontario. Cadman, M.D., P.F.J. Eagles, and F.M. Helleiner, Eds. Federation of Ontario Naturalists, Long Point Bird Observatory, University of Waterloo Press, Ontario.
  • James, R. 2007b. White-eyed Vireo. pp. 364-365 in: Atlas of the Breeding Birds of Ontario, 2001-2005. Cadman, M.D., D.A. Sutherland, G.G. Beck, D. Lepage and A.R. Couturier, Eds. Bird Studies Canada, Environment Canada, Ontario Field Ornithologists, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, and Ontario Nature, Toronto, Ontario.