Notice of permit

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Regional or Local Number: KNP-2019-32363

Notice is hereby given that pursuant to the provisions of section 74 of the Species at Risk Act permit no. KNP-2019-32363 is issued.

Purpose:
Scientific research for the conservation of the species

Description:
The intent of this project is to understand the habitat requirements and behavioural ecology of the three endangered bat species. There will be a focus on Tri-colored Bats, but Little Brown Myotis and Northern Myotis will likely also be part of project. Bats will be captured using mist nets on suitable weather evenings from June until August 2019. Bats will be handled to obtain species identification, sex and age (juvenile/adult), and potentially pit tagged and/or fitted with a radio transmitter. Radio-tracking would be limited to a maximum of 15 mature female bats who meet mass requirements (radios less than 5% of total body weight). Radio-tagged bats will be tracked daily until the radio falls off (typically 4-20 days). A non-invasive tissue and hair sample will be obtained and archived for genetic analysis. These samples will not impact the health of the bat (Pollock et al 2016). Tissue samples will provide information on relatedness, movements, population structure and diet, while hair samples will provide information on contaminant analysis (e.g. mercury) and diet (via stable isotopes).

Start Date: 2019-06-01   End Date: 2020-09-15

Issuing Authority: Parks Canada Agency

Authority Used:

  • Species at Risk Act
  • Canada National Parks Act

Location of Activity (province, territory or ocean):

  • Nova Scotia

Affected Species:

Pre-Conditions:
A) All reasonable alternatives to the activity that would reduce the impact on the species have been considered and the best solution has been adopted. This project works toward achieving Measure 24 in the Multi-Species Action Plan for Kejimkujik National Park and National Historic Site: “Assess distribution and relative abundance of bat species in Kejimkujik and compare with baseline data collected in the 2000s”. Acoustic detection provides a more course measure of the total amount of bat activity. Combining acoustic survey work with tracking and trapping will provide insights into population-level changes for bats in Kejimkujik. This allows for identification of maternal roost habitats that can be flagged for critical habitat and in future impact assessments. Not conducting this work would limit the ability to make informed decisions about how to best protect endangered bat species. B) All feasible measures will be taken to minimize the impact of the activity on the species. During field work several measures will be put in place to mitigate the impact of the activity on bats: (i) All personnel handling bats will be trained on bat handling techniques by an experience bat handler and researcher. Protocols will follow the University of Waterloo Office of Research Ethics standard operating protocol procedures for bat mist netting, which has been approved by the University of Waterloo Animal Care Committee; (ii) Mist nets will be inspected every 15 minutes to remove any bats that are captured. Nets will not be set up in inclement weather. Females captured with pups attached will be released immediately; (iii) Unravelling and handling time will be limited to 15 minutes per bat. All bats will be released within the hour (including handling time and holding time in bag); (iv) Medical grade, latex based adhesive glue will be used for attaching radio transmitters which will drop off within 4-20 days. Radios will only be attached to healthy adults that meet the weight requirements (radio weight less than 5% of total body weight). Additionally, field work will prioritize equipment decontamination to reduce risk of WNS contamination and transfer. This will be achieved by following the decontamination protocol developed by the Canadian Wildlife Health Network (Recommendations for WNS decontamination during summer activities). This includes: (i) Changing and containing clothing (for later decontamination) at the end of the night when moving between trapping sites. Wearing disposable gloves and considering the use of Tyvek coveralls or other coveralls that can be decontaminated; (ii) changing gloves regularly and wiping all equipment (scale, calipers, etc) that has come into contact with the bat with appropriate disinfecting wipes if free flying bats are trapped that may not be from the same colony; (iii) decontamination should also include of anything touched while handing bats such as headlamps, storage containers, etc, or by having a field assistant keep their hands clean to open tubes, adjust headlamps and assist in other data collection; and (iv) Using disposable paper bags to hold bats. C) The activity will not jeopardize the survival or recovery of the species. The study is not expected to result in injury, mortality, reduced fitness, reproduction or survival of individuals. Only one known mortality has occurred in the 12,000-15,000 individual bats captured through trapping by the primary researcher over his 20+ year career. Population-level effects or anticipated cumulative effects are not expected and no other projects are planned in Kejimkujik that involved handling bats. The project is not expected to jeopardize survival or recovery of the species, and the information from the study will assist in conservation and recovery efforts.

Contact Person(s)
Parks Canada
Species Conservation and Management
Natural Resource Conservation
Parks Canada
30 Victoria Street 3rd floor
Gatineau, QC
J8X 0B3
Tel: 888-773-8888
Fax: 819-420-9273
pca_sar.registrycomments@pc.gc.ca

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