Species Profile

Little Brown Myotis

Scientific Name: Myotis lucifugus
Taxonomy Group: Mammals
COSEWIC Range: Yukon, Northwest Territories, British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, Newfoundland and Labrador
COSEWIC Assessment Date and Status Change: November 2013
COSEWIC Status: Endangered
COSEWIC Status Criteria: A3be+4abe
COSEWIC Reason for Designation: Approximately 50% of the global range of this small bat is found in Canada. Sub-populations in the eastern part of the range have been devastated by White-nose Syndrome, a fungal disease caused by an introduced pathogen. This disease was first detected in Canada in 2010, and to date has caused a 94% overall decline in known numbers of hibernating Myotis bats in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Ontario, and Québec. The current range of White-nose Syndrome has been expanding at an average rate of 200-250 kilometres per year. At that rate, the entire Canadian population is likely to be affected within 12 to 18 years. There is no apparent containment of the northward or westward spread of the pathogen, and proper growing conditions for it exist throughout the remaining range.
COSEWIC History of Status Designation: Designated Endangered in an emergency assessment on February 3, 2012. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2013.
SARA Status: Schedule 1, Endangered
Date of Listing (yyyy-mm-dd): 2014-11-26

Please note that this information is provided for general information purposes only. For the most up to date and accurate list of species listed under the Species at Risk Act, please see the Justice Laws Website.

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Quick Links: | Protection | Recovery Initiatives | National Recovery Program | Documents

Protection

Federal Protection

The Little Brown Myotis is protected under the federal Species at Risk Act (SARA). More information about SARA, including how it protects individual species, is available in the Species at Risk Act: A Guide.

Provincial and Territorial Protection

To know if this species is protected by provincial or territorial laws, consult the provinces' and territories' websites.

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Recovery Initiatives

Status of Recovery Planning

Recovery Strategies :

Name Recovery Strategy for the Little Brown Myotis (Myotis lucifugus), Northern Myotis (Myotis septentrionalis), and Tri-colored Bat (Perimyotis subflavus) in Canada
Status Final posting on SAR registry

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Documents

PLEASE NOTE: Not all COSEWIC reports are currently available on the SARA Public Registry. Most of the reports not yet available are status reports for species assessed by COSEWIC prior to May 2002. Other COSEWIC reports not yet available may include those species assessed as Extinct, Data Deficient or Not at Risk. In the meantime, they are available on request from the COSEWIC Secretariat.

63 record(s) found.

COSEWIC Status Reports

  • COSEWIC Assessment and Status Report on the Little Brown Myotis Myotis lucifugus Northern Myotis Myotis septentrionalis Tri-colored Bat Perimyotis subflavus in Canada (2014-10-15)

    All three bat species are small (average 7.4 g), brown-pelaged, insectivorous species of the Family Vespertilionidae. Little Brown Myotis (Myotis lucifugus) likely is the most common bat species in Canada and the most familiar of the three species to the public because they often use buildings as day-roosts and forage in areas where they are visible (e.g., over lakes, aound streetlights, etc.). Northern Myotis (M. septentrionalis) are common in forests and Tri-colored Bat (Perimyotis subflavus) is found in variety of habitats, but is rarer than the other two. Public concern over zoonotic diseases (i.e., rabies, histoplasmosis), noise, and hygiene has resulted in periodic extermination of maternity colonies and/or elimination of their roosts. Bats are predators of insects, some of which are considered pests in the agriculture and forestry sectors, and provide an important ecological service in this regard.
  • Technical Summary and Supporting Information for an Emergency Assessment of the Little Brown Myotis Myotis lucifugus (2012-02-27)

    Between 5.7 and 6.7 million bats, of several species, but mainly Little Brown Myotis, are estimated to have died in the last 6 years in the northeastern United States and eastern Canada. Mortality associated with White-nose Syndrome (WNS), caused by a fungus likely from Europe, has reduced populations by >75% in infected hibernacula, and the species has been modelled to be functionally extirpated (et al. 2010). There is strong evidence that the same result will occur in the Canadian population of Little Brown Myotis; significant declines and mortality events were recorded in Canada in 2011 and susceptibility to WNS is expected to be similar across Canada.

Response Statements

  • Response Statement - Little Brown Myotis (2015-01-13)

    Approximately 50% of the global range of this small bat is found in Canada. Sub-populations in the eastern part of the range have been devastated by White-nose Syndrome, a fungal disease caused by an introduced pathogen. This disease was first detected in Canada in 2010, and to date has caused a 94% overall decline in known numbers of hibernating Myotis bats in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Ontario, and Québec. The current range of White-nose Syndrome has been expanding at an average rate of 200-250 kilometres per year. At that rate, the entire Canadian population is likely to be affected within 12 to 18 years. There is no apparent containment of the northward or westward spread of the pathogen, and proper growing conditions for it exist throughout the remaining range.

Recovery Strategies

  • Recovery Strategy for the Little Brown Myotis (Myotis lucifugus), the Northern Myotis (Myotis septentrionalis), and the Tri-colored Bat (Perimyotis subflavus) in Canada (2018-12-21)

    The Minister of Environment and Climate Change and Minister responsible for Parks Canada Agency is the competent minister under SARA for the Little Brown Myotis, Northern Myotis, and Tri-colored Bat and has prepared this recovery strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with the provinces of British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, and Newfoundland and Labrador, as well as the territories of Yukon and Northwest Territories, and the Sahtu Renewable Resources Board, and Wek’èezhìi Renewable Resources Board, as per section 39(1) of SARA. An incorrect version of this document was published on the Species at Risk Public Registry on December 21, 2018 and removed on November 7, 2019. This document replaces that version.

Action Plans

  • Multi-species Action Plan for Banff National Park of Canada (2017-12-12)

    The Multi-species Action Plan for Banff National Park of Canada applies to lands and waters occurring within the boundaries of the park and within the Ya-Ha-Tinda Ranch federal Crown property administered by Parks Canada. The plan meets the requirements for action plans set out in the Species at Risk Act (SARA s.47) for species requiring an action plan that regularly occur at these sites.
  • Multi-species Action Plan for Bruce Peninsula National Park and Fathom Five National Marine Park of Canada (2016-11-22)

    Bruce Peninsula National Park (BPNP) and Fathom Five National Marine Park (FFNMP) lie at the tip of the Bruce Peninsula which separates Georgian Bay from Lake Huron. The peninsula is 90 km in length and its most prominent feature is the Niagara Escarpment which runs along the entire eastern edge. Within BPNP, the escarpment forms the Georgian Bay shoreline and is recognized as part of the core area of the Niagara Escarpment UNESCO World Biosphere Reserve.  BPNP was established by the federal government in 1987 to protect a representative example of the Great Lakes/St. Lawrence Lowlands natural region. Because of the fragmented nature of the park properties, many of the stresses on the park’s ecosystem originate from outside its boundaries. For this reason, First Nations, local residents, non-governmental organizations, and other groups and land users play an important role in managing, restoring, and protecting the northern Bruce ecosystem. 
  • Multi-species Action Plan for Fort Rodd Hill National Historic Site of Canada (2017-08-24)

    The Multi-species Action Plan for Fort Rodd Hill National Historic Site of Canada (Fort Rodd Hill) applies to lands occurring within the boundaries of the site. The plan meets the requirements for action plans set out in the Species at Risk Act (SARA s.47) for species requiring an action plan and that regularly occur in these sites. Measures described in this plan will also provide benefits for other species of conservation concern that regularly occur at Fort Rodd Hill.
  • Multi-species Action Plan for Georgian Bay Islands National Park of Canada (2016-11-22)

    Georgian Bay Islands National Park (GBINP) is located in southeastern Georgian Bay in the heart of Ontario’s cottage country. Georgian Bay is home to the world’s largest freshwater archipelago, the 30,000 Islands, and the park acts as a southern gateway into this area. Comprising 63 dispersed islands and shoals the total area of the park is 14 km2 from the Centennial Group in the south to McQuade Island 50 kilometres northward. Situated just 150 km from the Greater Toronto Area (GTA), GBINP is within a half-day’s drive for millions of Canadians. Created in 1929 it is Canada’s smallest national park straddling two natural regions and forms a core protected area of the Georgian Bay Biosphere Reserve. The park lies on the edge of the Canadian Shield and is home to both northern and southern plants and animals. The islands are renowned for the variety of reptiles and amphibians they support. The park also has significant cultural value, having been occupied continuously for over 5,500 years. Maintenance and restoration of ecological integrity is the first priority of national parks (Canada National Parks Act s.8(2)). Species at risk, their residences, and their habitat are therefore protected by existing national park regulations and management regimes. In addition, the Species at Risk Act (SARA) prohibitions protecting individuals and residences apply automatically when a species is listed, and all critical habitat in national parks and national historic sites must be legally protected within 180 days of being identified.
  • Multi-species Action Plan for Grasslands National Park of Canada (2016-07-05)

    The Multi-species Action Plan for Grasslands National Park of Canada applies to lands and waters occurring within the boundaries of Grasslands National Park of Canada (GNP). The plan meets the requirements for action plans set out in the Species At Risk Act (SARA s.47) for species requiring an action plan and that regularly occur at this site. Measures described in this plan will also provide benefits for other species of conservation concern that regularly occur at GNP.
  • Multi-species Action Plan for Gros Morne National Park (2016-03-29)

    The Multi-species Action Plan for Gros Morne National Park of Canada is a SARA action plan (SARA s.47) for Piping Plover (melodus subspecies), American Marten (Newfoundland population), and Red Crossbill (percna subspecies). The plan also outlines measures to monitor and manage 11 other species of conservation concern that regularly occur in the Park. This plan applies only to lands and waters occurring within the boundaries of Gros Morne National Park.
  • Multi-species Action Plan for Gulf Islands National Park Reserve of Canada (2018-08-01)

    The Multi-species Action Plan for Gulf Islands National Park Reserve of Canada applies to lands and waters occurring within the boundaries of Gulf Islands National Park Reserve (GINPR). The plan meets the requirements for action plans set out in the Species at Risk Act (SARA (s.47)) for species requiring an action plan that regularly occur at this site. Measures described in this plan will also provide benefits to other species of conservation concern that regularly occur at GINPR.
  • Multi-species Action Plan for Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve, National Marine Conservation Area Reserve, and Haida Heritage Site (2016-07-04)

    The Multi-species Action Plan for Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve, National Marine Conservation Area Reserve, and Haida Heritage Site meets the requirements for an action plan set out in the Species at Risk Act (SARA (s.47)) for species requiring an action plan that occur inside the boundary of the site. This action plan will be updated to more comprehensively include measures to conserve and recover the marine species at risk once the first integrated Land, Sea, People management plan for Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve, National Marine Conservation Area Reserve & Haida Heritage Site (hereafter called Gwaii Haanas) is complete. Measures described in this plan will also provide benefits for other species of conservation concern that regularly occur in Gwaii Haanas.
  • Multi-species Action Plan for Jasper National Park of Canada (2017-12-12)

    The Multi-species Action Plan for Jasper National Park of Canada applies to lands and waters occurring within the boundaries of Jasper National Park of Canada (JNP). The plan meets the Species at Risk Act action plan requirements (SARA s.47) for Schedule 1 listed Endangered and Threatened species that regularly occur in the Park. Park-specific objectives for species at risk are identified in this plan and represent the site’s contribution to objectives presented in federal recovery strategies. Species at risk, their residences, and their habitat are protected by existing regulations and management regimes in national parks and national historic sites as well as by SARA. The Multi-species Action Plan for Jasper National Park of Canada describes additional measures that will contribute to the survival and recovery of the SARA listed species in JNP. Site-specific objectives are identified to help recover and/or manage the identified species, to be met through a number of recommended management activities. These activities represent the site’s contribution to objectives presented in federal recovery strategies and management plans. These measures were identified based on threats and actions outlined in federal and provincial status assessments and recovery documents, as well as knowledge of the status and needs of each species in JNP. Population monitoring measures are also identified for the species for which management activities at the sites can contribute to recovery objectives.
  • Multi-species Action Plan for Kejimkujik National Park and National Historic Site of Canada (2017-02-07)

    The Multi-species Action Plan for Kejimkujik National Park and National Historic Site of Canada applies to lands and waters occurring within the boundaries of Kejimkujik National Park and National Historic Site (KNP and NHS), including Kejimkujik National Park Seaside. The plan meets the requirements for action plans set out in the Species at Risk Act (SARA (s.47)) for species requiring an action plan and that regularly occur within these sites. Measures described in this plan will also provide benefits for other species of conservation concern that regularly occur at KNP and NHS.
  • Multi-species Action Plan for Kootenay National Park of Canada (2017-12-12)

    This Multi-species Action Plan for Kootenay National Park of Canada applies to lands and waters occurring within the boundaries of the park, within adjacent federal Crown land parcels administered by Parks Canada, and within the boundaries of Kootenai House National Historic Site. The plan meets the requirements for action plans set out in the Species at Risk Act (SARA s.47) for species requiring an action plan that regularly occur in these sites.
  • Multi-species Action Plan for Kouchibouguac National Park of Canada and associated National Historic Sites of Canada (2016-11-22)

    The Multi-species Action Plan for Kouchibouguac National Park of Canada and associated National Historic Sites of Canada applies to lands and waters occurring within the boundaries of the four sites: Kouchibouguac National Park of Canada (KNP) and other land managed by Parks Canada in the Northern New-Brunswick Field Unit offering adequate habitat for the species targeted in this action plan (Fort Beauséjour – Fort Cumberland National Historic Site of Canada (NHS), Beaubassin – Fort Lawrence NHS, Grand-Pré NHS). The plan meets the requirements for action plans set out in the Species at Risk Act (SARA) (s.47) for species requiring an action plan and that regularly occur in these sites. Measures described in this plan will also provide benefits for other species of conservation concern that regularly occur in KNP and associated NHS.
  • Multi-species Action Plan for La Mauricie National Park and National Historic Sites of La Mauricie and Western Quebec regions (2020-10-06)

    The Multi-species Action Plan for La Mauricie National Park and Canada's national historic sites (NHS) that are part of the Mauricie and Western Quebec Field Unit (MWQFU) applies to the land and waters within the boundaries of La Mauricie National Park (LMNP) and 13 NHSs in Quebec: Obadjiwan–Fort Témiscamingue; Forges-du-Saint-Maurice; Fort Chambly; Fort Lennox; Battle of the Châteauguay; Coteau-du-Lac; Carillon Barracks; Manoir Papineau; Louis-Joseph Papineau; Louis S. St-Laurent; Fur Trade at Lachine National Historic Site; Sir Wilfrid Laurier; and Sir George-Étienne Cartier. This plan meets the requirements for action plans set out in the Species at Risk Act (SARA; section 47) for species requiring an action plan that regularly occur on these sites. Measures described in this plan will also provide benefits for other species of conservation concern that regularly occur in LMNP and on associated NHSs.
  • Multi-Species Action Plan for Mount Revelstoke National Park of Canada and Glacier National Park of Canada (2017-12-08)

    The Multi-Species Action Plan, Mount Revelstoke National Park of Canada and Glacier National Park of Canada applies to lands and waters occurring within the boundaries of Mount Revelstoke and Glacier national parks (MRG). The plan meets the Species at Risk Act action plan requirements for Schedule 1 listed endangered and threatened species that regularly occur in the parks. Measures described in this plan will also provide benefits for other species of conservation concern in MRG.
  • Multi-species Action Plan for Point Pelee National Park of Canada and Niagara National Historic Sites of Canada (2016-07-05)

    The Multi-species Action Plan for Point Pelee National Park of Canada and the Niagara National Historic Sites of Canada applies to lands and waters occurring within the boundaries of the two sites: Point Pelee National Park of Canada (PPNP) and the Niagara National Historic Sites of Canada (NNHS). The NNHS is being used as a term to collectively refer to two locations in the Niagara region that consist of three National Historic Sites: Fort George National Historic Site, Battlefield of Fort George National Historic Site, and Butler’s Barracks National Historic Sites of Canada. The plan meets the requirements for action plans set out in the Species At Risk Act (SARA s.47) for species requiring an action plan and that regularly occur in these sites. Measures described in this plan will also provide benefits for other species of conservation concern that regularly occur at PPNP and at NNHS.
  • Multi-species Action Plan for Prince Edward Island National Park of Canada (2016-11-22)

    The Multi-species Action Plan for Prince Edward Island National Park of Canada applies to lands and waters occurring within the gazette boundaries of Prince Edward Island National Park (PEINP), as well as, Crown lands located adjacent to the park that are owned and administered by Parks Canada, including Greenwich.. The plan meets the requirements for action plans set out in the Species At Risk Act (SARA s.47) for species requiring an action plan, and that regularly occur in these sites. Measures described in this plan will also provide benefits for other species of conservation concern that regularly occur at PEINP and on associated federal lands.
  • Multi-species Action Plan for Pukaskwa National Park of Canada (2017-04-28)

    The Multi-species Action Plan for Pukaskwa National Park of Canada applies to lands and waters occurring within the boundaries of the park. The plan meets the requirements for action plans set out in the Species At Risk Act (SARA s.47) for species requiring an action plan and that regularly occur in these sites. Measures described in this plan will also provide benefits for other species of conservation concern that regularly occur at Pukaskwa National Park (PNP).
  • >> See more Action Plans documents

Critical Habitat Statements

Orders

  • Order Amending Schedule 1 to the Species at Risk Act (volume 148, number 26, December 17, 2014) (2014-12-17)

    Whereas the Minister of the Environment, pursuant to subsection 29(1) of the Species at Risk Act, is of the opinion that there is an imminent threat to the survival of the species specified in the annexed Order; Therefore, His Excellency the Governor General in Council, on the recommendation of the Minister of the Environment, pursuant to subsection 27(1) of the Species at Risk Act, makes the annexed Order Amending Schedule 1 to the Species at Risk Act. Bats and white-nose syndrome

COSEWIC Annual Reports

  • COSEWIC Annual Report - 2011-2012 (2012-10-05)

    Under Canada’s Species at Risk Act (SARA), the foremost function of COSEWIC is to “assess the status of each wildlife species considered by COSEWIC to be at risk and, as part of the assessment, identify existing and potential threats to the species”. COSEWIC held two Wildlife Species Assessment Meetings in this reporting year (September 1, 2011 to September 30, 2012) from November 21 to 25, 2011 and from April 29 to May 4, 2012. On February 3, 2012, an Emergency Assessment Subcommittee of COSEWIC also assessed the status of the Tri-colored Bat (Perimyotis subflavus), the Little Brown Myotis (Myotis lucifugus), and the Northern Myotis (Myotis septentrionalis). During the current reporting period COSEWIC assessed the status or reviewed the classification of 67 wildlife species. For species already found on Schedule 1 of SARA, the classification of 32 species was reviewed by COSEWIC and the status of the wildlife species was confirmed to be in the same category (extirpated - no longer found in the wild in Canada but occurring elsewhere, endangered, threatened or of special concern). The wildlife species assessment results for the 2011-2012 reporting period include the following: Extinct: 1 Extirpated: 4 Endangered: 29 Threatened: 10 Special Concern: 15 Data Deficient: 2 Not at Risk: 6 Total: 67 Of the 67 wildlife species examined, COSEWIC reviewed the classification of 49 species that had been previously assessed. The review of classification for 26 of those species resulted in a confirmation of the same status as the previous assessment (see Table 1a).
  • COSEWIC Annual Report - 2013-2014 (2014-10-15)

    Under Canada’s Species at Risk Act (SARA), the foremost function of COSEWIC is to "assess the status of each wildlife species considered by COSEWIC to be at risk and, as part of the assessment, identify existing and potential threats to the species". COSEWIC held two Wildlife Species Assessment Meetings in this reporting year (October, 2013 to September, 2014) from November 24 to November 29, 2013 and from April 27 to May 2, 2014. During the current reporting period, COSEWIC assessed the status or reviewed the classification of 56 wildlife species. The wildlife species assessment results for the 2012-2013 reporting period include the following: Extinct: 0 Extirpated: 0 Endangered: 23 Threatened: 12 Special Concern: 20 Data Deficient: 0 Not at Risk: 1 Total: 56 Of the 56 wildlife species examined, COSEWIC reviewed the classification of 40 that had been previously assessed. The review of classification for 25 of those wildlife species resulted in a confirmation of the same status as the previous assessment.

Permits and Related Agreements

  • Explanation for issuing permit(#17-139), persuant to the provisions of section 74 of SARA (2017-12-20)

    Four cabins will be renovated to meet current building standards, and these renovations will likely destroy four maternity roosts used by a total of 10-50 bats which are likely either Little Brown Bats or Northern Myotis. The renovations will occur between October 1st and April 1st to avoid direct disturbance to roosting bats. Surveys indicate that no SARA-listed bats are hibernating in the buildings.
  • Explanation for issuing permit(#44941), persuant to the provisions of section 73 of SARA (2021-09-01)

    This activity will involve qualified personnel netting bats at three hibernacula within Bruce Peninsula National Park. Actions will include setting nets up in front of cave entrances (entry into caves is not permitted), capturing, handling, taking measurements, banding, and swabbing bats to help determine population abundance, statuses within the park, as well as if the presence of WNS is confirmed.
  • Explanation for issuing permit(#BAN-2016-22240), persuant to the provisions of section 74 of SARA (2016-07-07)

    Parks Canada is conducting a research project to inventory all bat species in the Saskatchewan Crossing area of Banff National Park, the Kootenay Crossing area of Kootenay National Park, the Lake O'Hara area of Yoho National Park,and the Banff area of Banff National Park. Information collected will also be used to better understand landscape connectivity and gene flow associated with the spread of white-nose syndrome in the west. The study will involve acoustic sampling, mist-netting (capture and handling of individuals), and collecting tissue samples from up to 20 individuals per species captured, and may include radio-tagging up to 15 bats in Banff, Yoho or Kootenay national parks to locate roosts of select bat species. While not specifically targeted, it is anticipated that Little Brown Myotis and Northern Myotis will be captured and handled. It is not anticipated that individuals will be harmed or killed.
  • Explanation for issuing permit(#GINP-2019-33558), persuant to the provisions of section 74 of SARA (2019-08-23)

    The goal of this research is to study how bats utilize the Southern Gulf Islands as a migratory corridor using stable isotope methods. The researchers will use mist netting methods to capture bats in flight at multiple sites in the Gulf Islands National Park Reserve throughout the migratory period: late August until late October. Once captured, individual bats will be identified to species, physical measurements will be taken, a small hair sample will be clipped from their dorsal side, and the bat will be promptly released. The hair samples will be sent to a laboratory to determine their stable isotope composition, which will provide novel information regarding the movements of bats in Coastal British Columbia.
  • Explanation for issuing permit(#GLA-2015-19918), persuant to the provisions of section 74 of SARA (2015-08-01)

    Parks Canada will be conducting a research project to survey bats in areas of Mount Revelstoke and Glacier National Parks to help determine where different bat species are present, and contribute information to the understanding of genetic structure of bats in the Columbia Mountains and whether ecozone boundaries impact population structure and gene flow associated with the spread of white-nosed syndrome in the west. The study will involve acoustic sampling, mist-netting (capture and handling of individuals), and the collection of tissue samples from up to 20 individuals per species captured.
  • Explanation for issuing permit(#GRA-2018-28617), persuant to the provisions of section 74 of SARA (2018-07-12)

    The objectives of the program are to: (i) Identify GNP anthropogenic structures used as roosting sites by LBMY; (ii) Assess occupancy of roosting sites and colony size over time; and, (iii) Return an inventory of the GNP bat community. As the majority of Myotis species cannot be reliably identified without capture and direct handling, capture is required to return an inventory of the GNP bat community. Bats will be captured using mist nets, which is a common technique for surveying bats as part of species inventories (Kunz and Kurta 1988, Vonhof 2010). Mist netting will occur on a maximum of 6 nights. We expect approximately 0-100 bats/night to be captured during the course of the survey. Approximately 10 minutes/bat are expected to be needed for taking body measurement, id the species, sex the individuals and take wing swabs (if applicable). Highly pregnant bats will be released immediately. Depending on funding availability, mist-netting surveys may be repeated in different zones over multiple years, in order to return a more precise snapshot of the GNP bat community. Additionally, up to 6 Bat detectors will be placed in potentially good bat habitat (e.g. nearby oxbows, ponds, creeks/rivers, coulees, etc.) for up to 6 days to acquire information on bat habitat use, inform selection of future mist-netting sites and help inventory of species community. In order to optimize detection and identification of bat species, bat detector units will be mounted on poles approx. 2.5-3 m high. This activity represents a violation of the Emergency Order for the Protection of the Greater Sage-grouse.
  • Explanation for issuing permit(#JNP-2015-18621), persuant to the provisions of section 74 of SARA (2015-02-15)

    Parks Canada will be surveying solution formed caves in Jasper, Banff and Wood Buffalo National Parks to evaluate their significance for preservation, science and recreation. Assessment of caves, abandoned mines and building structures as past or present bat habitat will be conducted either in conjunction with cave resource inventory or as separate field work as appropriate. Little Brown Bats and/or Northern Long-eared Myotis may be encountered incidentally and during focussed investigations of bat habitat during the winter individuals may be disturbed or aroused. Individual bats also may be handled for species identification, White Nose Syndrome swabbing or DNA analysis.
  • Explanation for issuing permit(#KNP-2019-32363), persuant to the provisions of section 74 of SARA (2019-06-01)

    The intent of this project is to understand the habitat requirements and behavioural ecology of the three endangered bat species. There will be a focus on Tri-colored Bats, but Little Brown Myotis and Northern Myotis will likely also be part of project. Bats will be captured using mist nets on suitable weather evenings from June until August 2019. Bats will be handled to obtain species identification, sex and age (juvenile/adult), and potentially pit tagged and/or fitted with a radio transmitter. Radio-tracking would be limited to a maximum of 15 mature female bats who meet mass requirements (radios less than 5% of total body weight). Radio-tagged bats will be tracked daily until the radio falls off (typically 4-20 days). A non-invasive tissue and hair sample will be obtained and archived for genetic analysis. These samples will not impact the health of the bat (Pollock et al 2016). Tissue samples will provide information on relatedness, movements, population structure and diet, while hair samples will provide information on contaminant analysis (e.g. mercury) and diet (via stable isotopes).
  • Explanation for issuing permit(#KNP-EA-2017-002), persuant to the provisions of section 74 of SARA (2017-06-08)

    Little Brown Myotis roost in the attic of an office building in Kluane National Park and Reserve. At times when bats die of natural causes, carcasses are found in the building. These are sent to the Canadian Wildlife Health Cooperative for disease testing. Six carcasses were recently found. Parks Canada intends to keep two for education and outreach purposes, towards conservation and recovery of the species. The remaining four carcasses found will be sent for White-nose Syndrome testing.
  • Explanation for issuing permit(#MRG2017-02), persuant to the provisions of section 73 of SARA (2019-08-15)

    The Flat Creek Prescribed Fire is a 580 hectare prescribed fire targeting the Engelmann Spruce Subalpine Fir located within an Intermediate Fire Management Zone of Glacier National Park. This burn is planned for late summer/fall conditions to meet the site objectives. The site objectives are to improve the park's area burn departure, to generate habitat for fire dependent species such as whitebark pine and Olive-sided Flycatcher habitat while reducing long-term wildfire spread potential both within the Flat Creek and Illecillewaet River drainages. The prescribed fire is expected to harm or kill individual whitebark pine and, if conducted between August 15 and September 1, may harm or kill individual Little brown myotis or Northern myotis.
  • Explanation for issuing permit(#PA-2019-32839), persuant to the provisions of section 74 of SARA (2019-07-11)

    The objectives of the program are to: (i) identify anthropogenic structures in Prince Albert National Park (PANP) that are used as roosting sites by LBMY; (ii) assess occupancy of roosting sites and colony size over time; and (iii) return an inventory of bat species present in PANP. Bats will be captured using mist nets, which is a common technique for surveying bats as part of species inventories (Kunz and Kurta 1988, Vonhof 2010). Mist netting will occur on a maximum of 6 nights, with anywhere from 0 - 100 bats captured each night of the survey. Approximately 10 minutes/bat is required for taking body measurements, identifying the species, sexing the individuals and taking wing swabs. Noticeably pregnant bats will be released immediately. Depending on funding availability, mist-netting surveys may be repeated in different areas of the park over multiple years, in order to return a more precise picture of the PANP bat community.
  • Explanation for issuing permit(#PANP 001135, 00852, 000164, 000969 et 001159), persuant to the provisions of section 73 of SARA (2018-04-20)

    The Wasstrom's Flats, Millard, Paskwaw Mostos, Sugar Creek and Waskesiu Community Fuel Break prescribed burns are planned for the spring and could impact Species at Risk bats, most notably Little Brown Myotis (Myotis lucifugus) and Northern Myotis (Myotis septentrionalis). The fires are planned for early spring, just after snow melt, which varies from year to year. Little brown myotis and Northern Myotis are typically establishing their maternity roosts and rearing their young from late May to July so there is a chance that the prescribed fire will be completed even before the bats are active. The use of these areas by bats is unknown, but if bats are present and the spring (and therefore burning) is later in May, fire would be expected to harass individual bats and possibly damage or destroy some maternity roosts.
  • Explanation for issuing permit(#PANP-001219), persuant to the provisions of section 74 of SARA (2017-02-01)

    Kapasiwin LP is proposing to construct a new, year-round bungalow camp at the existing resort site in Prince Albert National Park, including the demolition and/or removal of existing buildings at the site and replacement of these structures with new buildings. The project will include activities associated with site preparation and construction, restoration and rehabilitation of the surrounding environment post-construction, and operation of the bungalow resort. The various components of the project will be undertaken in four phases over a period of up to ten years. During redevelopment of the resort, Kapasiwin will continue to operate during the summer season between the months of May and October. It is anticipated that project activities would commence during the fall of 2017. The removal of the current buildings will involve the destruction of known maternity roosting sites, considered residences for the little brown myotis. The destruction of residences is prohibited under s.33 of the Species at Risk Act.
  • Explanation for issuing permit(#PEINP-2018-29397), persuant to the provisions of section 74 of SARA (2018-08-01)

    The proposed activity will attempt to capture bats at Prince Edward Island National Park using mist nets during evening feeding behaviour. Bats will be handled to obtain species identification, gender and maturity level. A sub-sample of individuals, to a maximum number of 5 mature female bats, may be fitted with Holohil LB series radio-telemetry tags. Tagged bats will be tracked as part of a separately project funded. A non-invasive tissue sample will be obtained and archived for genetic analysis.
  • Explanation for issuing permit(#PEINP-2019-32399), persuant to the provisions of section 73 of SARA (2019-05-25)

    The proposed activity will attempt to capture bats using mist nets during evening feeding behaviour. Bats will be handled to obtain species identification, gender and maturity level. A non-invasive tissue sample will be obtained and archived for genetic analysis. Up to 20 bats will be fitted with a radio transmitter before being released at the site of capture. The transmitter will fall off automatically. Each bat with a transmitter will be tracked to its day-roost location for the lifetime of the transmitter.
  • Explanation for issuing permit(#RNUP-2021-38599), persuant to the provisions of section 73 of SARA (2021-05-31)

    The objectives of the program in the Rouge National Urban Park are to: (i) Confirm the presence of Species at Risk (SAR) bats at sites within Rouge National Urban Park; (ii) Assess the status of SAR bat populations identified, including size, general health, distribution and travel to overwintering sites; and (iii) Confirm the presence of non-SAR bats and assess population status, such as the presence of reproductive individuals and apparent health. Bats will be captured using mist nets, which is a common technique for surveying bats as part of species inventories (Vonhof 2010). Mist netting will occur on a maximum of 21 nights (per year), with anywhere from 0 - 100 bats captured each night of the survey. Approximately 15 minutes/bat is required for taking body measurements, identifying the species, banding the individuals, sexing the individuals and taking wing swabs. Radio-transmitters will be attached to the back of the bats using a bonding adhesive that results in the transmitter falling off within 2-3 weeks. Personnel handling bats will wear full PPE (gloves, face masks, face shields and coveralls) to substantially reduce the risk of transmission of COVID-19 or any other zoonotic disease from humans to bats. Depending on subsequent funding availability, mist-netting surveys will be repeated in different areas of the park over multiple years, in order to return a more precise picture of the RNUP bat community.
  • Explanation for issuing permit(#RPNAM-2017-003), persuant to the provisions of section 74 of SARA (2017-08-07)

    The Chiroptère Québec group, in collaboration with the Canadian Wildlife Service and Parks Canada, is undertaking a study to document the migratory movements of the Little Brown Myotis (Myotis lucifugus) and the Northern Myotis (Myotis septentrionalis) in the Mingan Archipelago National Park Reserve during the fall migration period. This study involves the capture of 20 individuals (10 males and 10 females) of all species and the installation of 20 nanotags that will cover the nocturnal activity of the tagged individuals during fall migration. Beyond the short-term (30-minute) stress on caught individuals, this project will increase knowledge of the migratory routes of these species at risk.
  • >> See more Permits and Related Agreements documents

Consultation Documents

  • Consultation on Amending the List of Species under the Species at Risk Act : Terrestrial Species - January 2015 (2015-01-13)

    The Government of Canada is committed to preventing the disappearance of wildlife species at risk from our lands. As part of its strategy for realizing that commitment, on June 5, 2003, the Government of Canada proclaimed the Species at Risk Act (SARA). Attached to the Act is Schedule 1, the list of the species provided for under SARA, also called the List of Wildlife Species at Risk. Extirpated, Endangered and Threatened species on Schedule 1 benefit from the protection of prohibitions and recovery planning requirements under SARA. Special Concern species benefit from its management planning requirements. Schedule 1 has grown from the original 233 to 521 wildlife species at risk. Please submit your comments byApril 15, 2015, for terrestrial species undergoing normal consultationsand byOctober 15, 2015, for terrestrial species undergoing extended consultations.For a description of the consultation paths these species will undergo, please see:Species at Risk Public Registry website

Factsheet

  • Bat and Cave/Karst Researchers and the Emergency Listing Order (2014-12-17)

    The Government of Canada has added three species of bats to the List of Wildlife Species at Risk in Canada (also known as Schedule I of the Species at Risk Act). These three bats species - the Little Brown Myotis (Myotis lucifugus), the Northern Myotis (Myotis septentrionalis) and the Tri-colored Bat (Perimyotis subflavus) - have been listed as Endangered, as their survival is imminently threatened by a deadly and highly contagious disease.
  • Bats in Buildings and the Emergency Listing Order (2014-12-17)

    The Government of Canada has added three species of bats to the List of Wildlife Species at Risk in Canada (also known as Schedule I of the Species at Risk Act). These three bats species - the Little Brown Myotis (Myotis lucifugus), the Northern Myotis (Myotis septentrionalis) and the Tri-colored Bat (Perimyotis subflavus) - have been listed as Endangered, as their survival is imminently threatened by a deadly and highly contagious disease.
  • Caving Tourism and the Emergency Listing Order (2014-12-17)

    The Government of Canada has added three species of bats to the List of Wildlife Species at Risk in Canada (also known as Schedule I of the Species at Risk Act). These three bats species - the Little Brown Myotis (Myotis lucifugus), the Northern Myotis (Myotis septentrionalis) and the Tri-colored Bat (Perimyotis subflavus) - have been listed as Endangered, as their survival is imminently threatened by a deadly and highly contagious disease.
  • Factsheet on the Emergency Listing Order for the Little Brown Myotis, the Northern Myotis and the Tri-colored Bat (2014-12-17)

    The Government of Canada has added three species of bats to the List of Wildlife Species at Risk in Canada (also known as Schedule I of the Species at Risk Act). These three bats species - the Little Brown Myotis (Myotis lucifugus), the Northern Myotis (Myotis septentrionalis) and the Tri-colored Bat (Perimyotis subflavus) - have been listed as Endangered, as their survival is imminently threatened by a deadly and highly contagious disease.
  • Mining and the Emergency Listing Order (2014-12-17)

    The Government of Canada has added three species of bats to the List of Wildlife Species at Risk in Canada (also known as Schedule I of the Species at Risk Act). These three bats species - the Little Brown Myotis (Myotis lucifugus), the Northern Myotis (Myotis septentrionalis) and the Tri-colored Bat (Perimyotis subflavus) - have been listed as Endangered, as their survival is imminently threatened by a deadly and highly contagious disease.
  • Wind Energy and the Emergency Listing Order (2014-12-17)

    The Government of Canada has added three species of bats to the List of Wildlife Species at Risk in Canada (also known as Schedule I of the Species at Risk Act). These three bats species - the Little Brown Myotis (Myotis lucifugus), the Northern Myotis (Myotis septentrionalis) and the Tri-colored Bat (Perimyotis subflavus) - have been listed as Endangered, as their survival is imminently threatened by a deadly and highly contagious disease.

Critical Habitat Descriptions in the Canada Gazette

  • Description of critical habitat of Little Brown Myotis, Northern Myotis, and Tri-colored Bat in Several National Parks of Canada (2019-01-12)

    Little Brown Myotis (Myotis lucifugus), Northern Myotis (Myotis septentrionalis), and Tri-colored Bat (Perimyotis subflavus) are insectivorous bats listed on Schedule 1 of the Species at Risk Act. The Canadian distribution of Little Brown Myotis includes the boreal forest south of the treeline through to the border of the United States of America. The Canadian distribution of Northern Myotis includes the boreal forest south of the treeline and into the montane forests of the west and deciduous and mixedwood forests of the east. Northern Myotis is mostly absent from the Canadian Prairies. The Canadian range of Tri-colored Bat encompasses mainland Nova Scotia, southern New Brunswick, Quebec and Ontario. The habitat requirements of temperate-region bats such as these vary by season. In general, the habitat needs of these species include overwintering, summering and swarming habitat.

Recovery Document Posting Plans

  • Environment and Climate Change Canada's Three-Year Recovery Document Posting Plan (2016-07-06)

    Environment and Climate Change Canada’s Three-Year Recovery Document Posting Plan identifies the species for which recovery documents will be posted each fiscal year starting in 2014-2015. Posting this three year plan on the Species at Risk Public Registry is intended to provide transparency to partners, stakeholders, and the public about Environment and Climate Change Canada’s plan to develop and post these proposed recovery strategies and management plans. However, both the number of documents and the particular species that are posted in a given year may change slightly due to a variety of circumstances. Last update September 1, 2019
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