Species Profile

Grizzly Bear Ungava population

Scientific Name: Ursus arctos
Taxonomy Group: Mammals
COSEWIC Range: Quebec, Newfoundland and Labrador
COSEWIC Assessment Date and Status Change: May 2012
COSEWIC Status: Extinct
COSEWIC Status Criteria:
COSEWIC Reason for Designation: This large bear existed as a relict population on the Ungava peninsula of northern Quebec and Labrador until the 20th century. It has not been documented since at least 1948, and is unlikely to be replaced through natural dispersal.
COSEWIC History of Status Designation: The species was considered a single unit and designated Not at Risk in April 1979. Split into two populations in April 1991 (Prairie population and Northwestern population). In May 2012, the entire species was re-examined and split into two populations (Western and Ungava populations). The newly-defined Ungava population was designated Extinct in May 2012.
SARA Status: No Schedule, No Status
Date of Listing (yyyy-mm-dd):

Please note that this information is provided for general information purposes only. For the most up to date and accurate list of species listed under the Species at Risk Act, please see the Justice Laws Website.

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PLEASE NOTE: Not all COSEWIC reports are currently available on the SARA Public Registry. Most of the reports not yet available are status reports for species assessed by COSEWIC prior to May 2002. Other COSEWIC reports not yet available may include those species assessed as Extinct, Data Deficient or Not at Risk. In the meantime, they are available on request from the COSEWIC Secretariat.

2 record(s) found.

COSEWIC Status Reports

  • COSEWIC assessment and status report on the Grizzly Bear Ursus arctos in Canada (2012) (2013-01-03)

    The Grizzly Bear (Ursus arctos) is believed to have crossed over from Asia to North America 50,000 – 100,000 years ago. Conspecific with extant Brown Bears in Europe and Asia, it is a large ursid, with body sizes in Canada ranging from 100–150 kilograms (kg) for adult females to 180–270 kg for adult males. Grizzly Bears have a heavy, dish-shaped skull with dentition indicative of both a predator and herbivore (large canines and crushing molars), a robust body with long fore-claws, and powerful digging muscles that give the species its characteristic shoulder hump. Colour ranges from blonde through shades of brown to nearly black, with the sometimes silver-tipped nature of the fur giving the species a ‘grizzled’ appearance.

COSEWIC Annual Reports

  • COSEWIC Annual Report - 2011-2012 (2012-10-05)

    Under Canada’s Species at Risk Act (SARA), the foremost function of COSEWIC is to “assess the status of each wildlife species considered by COSEWIC to be at risk and, as part of the assessment, identify existing and potential threats to the species”. COSEWIC held two Wildlife Species Assessment Meetings in this reporting year (September 1, 2011 to September 30, 2012) from November 21 to 25, 2011 and from April 29 to May 4, 2012. On February 3, 2012, an Emergency Assessment Subcommittee of COSEWIC also assessed the status of the Tri-colored Bat (Perimyotis subflavus), the Little Brown Myotis (Myotis lucifugus), and the Northern Myotis (Myotis septentrionalis). During the current reporting period COSEWIC assessed the status or reviewed the classification of 67 wildlife species. For species already found on Schedule 1 of SARA, the classification of 32 species was reviewed by COSEWIC and the status of the wildlife species was confirmed to be in the same category (extirpated - no longer found in the wild in Canada but occurring elsewhere, endangered, threatened or of special concern). The wildlife species assessment results for the 2011-2012 reporting period include the following: Extinct: 1 Extirpated: 4 Endangered: 29 Threatened: 10 Special Concern: 15 Data Deficient: 2 Not at Risk: 6 Total: 67 Of the 67 wildlife species examined, COSEWIC reviewed the classification of 49 species that had been previously assessed. The review of classification for 26 of those species resulted in a confirmation of the same status as the previous assessment (see Table 1a).
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