Species Profile

Gattinger's Agalinis

Scientific Name: Agalinis gattingeri
Taxonomy Group: Vascular Plants
COSEWIC Range: Manitoba, Ontario
COSEWIC Assessment Date and Status Change: May 2001
COSEWIC Status: Endangered
COSEWIC Status Criteria: B1+2bcde+3d
COSEWIC Reason for Designation: Annual species of fragmented relict prairie and alvar habitats found at only a few small remaining sites in two geographically restricted areas with substantial losses of plants and populations due to habitat loss from agricultural expansion, residential property development and elevated water levels.
COSEWIC History of Status Designation: Designated Endangered in April 1988. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1999 and in May 2001.

SARA Status: Schedule 1, Endangered
Date of Listing (yyyy-mm-dd): 2003-06-05

Please note that this information is provided for general information purposes only. For the most up to date and accurate list of species listed under the Species at Risk Act, please see the Justice Laws Website.

Go to advanced search

Quick Links: | Photo | Description | Distribution and Population | Habitat | Biology | Threats | Protection | Recovery Initiatives | Recovery Team | National Recovery Program | Documents

Image of Gattinger's Agalinis

Gattinger's Agalinis Photo 1



Gattinger's Agalinis is an annual herb, which measures between 10.5 and 60.5 cm in height. There are a few or many branches on the slender stem. The leaves are very narrow and measure 10 to 34 mm in length by 0.4 to 1 mm in width. There is often only one flower per node, but a plant can have many nodes. The flower is bell-shaped, with a pink corolla with two yellow lines and many red spots. The capsules are rounded; the yellow to tan seeds measure 0.5 to 1.2 mm in length.


Distribution and Population

Gattinger's Agalinis is currently most common in the south-central U.S.A. In Canada in 1987, the species was restricted to 10 sites on Squirrel and Walpole islands within the Walpole Island First Nation Reserve in Lambton County, southern Ontario. When these sites were revisited in 1997, plants were found in only three of the 10 sites. Six new sites containing a few individuals were found, four in Manitoulin County and two in Bruce County.



In Ontario, Gattinger's Agalinis grows in the drier areas of remnant prairies of Lambton County, and on alvar in Bruce and Manitoulin counties. Dry prairie, dry open woodlands, dry roadsides, glades, bluffs and alvars characterize sites throughout the species' range.



In Canada, Gattinger's Agalinis flowers from August to mid September, and the fruits mature from mid-September to October. The flowers are pollinated by insects; the seeds are probably dispersed by the wind. Each capsule produces a large number of seeds.



Loss of habitat and encroachment of humans on habitat are the main limiting factors for the Canadian populations of Gattinger's Agalinis. A general increase in soil moisture over the past decade seems to have contributed to the decline of the species in Ontario.



Federal Protection

The Gattinger's Agalinis is protected under the federal Species at Risk Act (SARA). More information about SARA, including how it protects individual species, is available in the Species at Risk Act: A Guide.

Provincial and Territorial Protection

To know if this species is protected by provincial or territorial laws, consult the provinces' and territories' websites.


Recovery Initiatives

Status of Recovery Planning

Recovery Strategies :

Name Recovery Strategy for the Gattinger's Agalinis (Agalinis gattingeri) in Canada
Status Final posting on SAR registry


Recovery Team

Bruce Peninsula and Manitoulin Island Alvar Ecosystem Recovery Team

  • Kirsten Querbach - Chair/Contact - Environment Canada
    Phone: 819-938-4038  Send Email



PLEASE NOTE: Not all COSEWIC reports are currently available on the SARA Public Registry. Most of the reports not yet available are status reports for species assessed by COSEWIC prior to May 2002. Other COSEWIC reports not yet available may include those species assessed as Extinct, Data Deficient or Not at Risk. In the meantime, they are available on request from the COSEWIC Secretariat.

3 record(s) found.

Recovery Strategies

  • Recovery Strategy for the Gattinger's Agalinis (Agalinis gattingeri) in Canada (2019-02-18)

    The Minister of Environment and Climate Change is the competent minister under SARA for the Gattinger's Agalinis and has prepared the federal component of this recovery strategy (Part 1), as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry and the Manitoba Conservation Data Centre, as per section 39 (1) of SARA. SARA section 44 allows the Minister to adopt all or part of an existing plan for the species if it meets the requirements under SARA for content (sub-sections 41(1) or (2)). The Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources (now the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry) led the development of the attached recovery strategy for the Gattinger's Agalinis (Part 2) in cooperation with Environment and Climate Change Canada. The Province of Ontario also led the development of the attached Government Response Statement (Part 3), which is the Ontario Government’s policy response to its provincial recovery strategy and summarizes the prioritized actions that the Ontario government intends to take and support.

Permits and Related Agreements

  • Explanation for issuing permit(#19), persuant to the provisions of section 73 of SARA (2006-06-01)

    Activities may include any of the following for any species: Collection of small amounts of seed (<1%) for propagation ex situ for the pupose of studying seed viability, germination condisions and rates. Collection of a mall proportion (<1%) of inflorescences or flowers for the purpose of determining fertility, seed predation rates, etc. Removal of a small number (<0.1%) of individuals of annual species (e.g. Agalinus spp.) for research on habitat and microsite requirements. Collection of seed for the purpose of propagation ex situ plants to provide material for research and/or for restoration projects. Mapping location, counting and setting up permanent study quadrats may sometime involve accidental trampling of some plants and portions of some habitat. This will be kept to a minimum. Some perturbation of habitat may occur during removal of invasive species. Some experimental purturbation of habitat for restoration purposes may be done in locations where species at risk are thought to be extirpated.

Recovery Document Posting Plans

  • Environment and Climate Change Canada's Three-Year Recovery Document Posting Plan (2016-07-06)

    Environment and Climate Change Canada’s Three-Year Recovery Document Posting Plan identifies the species for which recovery documents will be posted each fiscal year starting in 2014-2015. Posting this three year plan on the Species at Risk Public Registry is intended to provide transparency to partners, stakeholders, and the public about Environment and Climate Change Canada’s plan to develop and post these proposed recovery strategies and management plans. However, both the number of documents and the particular species that are posted in a given year may change slightly due to a variety of circumstances. Last update December 2, 2021
Date modified: