Scientific Name: Agalinis gattingeri
Taxonomy Group: Vascular Plants
COSEWIC Range: Manitoba, Ontario
COSEWIC Assessment Date and Status Change: May 2001
COSEWIC Status: Endangered
COSEWIC Status Criteria: B1+2bcde+3d
COSEWIC Reason for Designation: Annual species of fragmented relict prairie and alvar habitats found at only a few small remaining sites in two geographically restricted areas with substantial losses of plants and populations due to habitat loss from agricultural expansion, residential property development and elevated water levels.
COSEWIC History of Status Designation: Designated Endangered in April 1988. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1999 and in May 2001.
SARA Status: Schedule 1, Endangered
Date of Listing (yyyy-mm-dd): 2003-06-05
Please note that this information is provided for general information purposes only. For the most up to date and accurate list of species listed under the Species at Risk Act, please see the Justice Laws Website.
Image of Gattinger's Agalinis
Gattinger's Agalinis is an annual herb, which measures between 10.5 and 60.5 cm in height. There are a few or many branches on the slender stem. The leaves are very narrow and measure 10 to 34 mm in length by 0.4 to 1 mm in width. There is often only one flower per node, but a plant can have many nodes. The flower is bell-shaped, with a pink corolla with two yellow lines and many red spots. The capsules are rounded; the yellow to tan seeds measure 0.5 to 1.2 mm in length.
Distribution and Population
Gattinger's Agalinis is currently most common in the south-central U.S.A. In Canada in 1987, the species was restricted to 10 sites on Squirrel and Walpole islands within the Walpole Island First Nation Reserve in Lambton County, southern Ontario. When these sites were revisited in 1997, plants were found in only three of the 10 sites. Six new sites containing a few individuals were found, four in Manitoulin County and two in Bruce County.
In Ontario, Gattinger's Agalinis grows in the drier areas of remnant prairies of Lambton County, and on alvar in Bruce and Manitoulin counties. Dry prairie, dry open woodlands, dry roadsides, glades, bluffs and alvars characterize sites throughout the species' range.
In Canada, Gattinger's Agalinis flowers from August to mid September, and the fruits mature from mid-September to October. The flowers are pollinated by insects; the seeds are probably dispersed by the wind. Each capsule produces a large number of seeds.
Loss of habitat and encroachment of humans on habitat are the main limiting factors for the Canadian populations of Gattinger's Agalinis. A general increase in soil moisture over the past decade seems to have contributed to the decline of the species in Ontario.
The Gattinger's Agalinis is protected under the federal Species at Risk Act (SARA). More information about SARA, including how it protects individual species, is available in the Species at Risk Act: A Guide.
Provincial and Territorial Protection
Status of Recovery Planning
Recovery Strategies :
Name Recovery Strategy for the Gattinger's Agalinis (Agalinis gattingeri) in Canada
Status Final posting on SAR registry
Bruce Peninsula and Manitoulin Island Alvar Ecosystem Recovery Team
Kirsten Querbach - Chair/Contact - Environment Canada
Phone: 819-938-4038 Send Email
PLEASE NOTE: Not all COSEWIC reports are currently available on the SARA Public Registry. Most of the reports not yet available are status reports for species assessed by COSEWIC prior to May 2002. Other COSEWIC reports not yet available may include those species assessed as Extinct, Data Deficient or Not at Risk. In the meantime, they are available on request from the COSEWIC Secretariat.
3 record(s) found.
- Recovery Strategies (1 record(s) found.)
- Permits and Related Agreements (1 record(s) found.)
- Recovery Document Posting Plans (1 record(s) found.)