Species Profile

Kellogg's Rush

Scientific Name: Juncus kelloggii
Taxonomy Group: Vascular Plants
COSEWIC Range: British Columbia
COSEWIC Assessment Date and Status Change: May 2003
COSEWIC Status: Endangered
COSEWIC Status Criteria: B1b(iii)c(iv)+2b(iii)c(iv); C2a(ii)
COSEWIC Reason for Designation: This is a tiny, inconspicuous, annual species that likely numbers fewer than 600 plants. It occurs in a single, seasonally wet microhabitat that is subject to impacts from human recreational and developmental activities within an urban park located in a nationally rare Garry Oak habitat.
COSEWIC History of Status Designation: Designated Endangered in May 2003.
SARA Status: Schedule 1, Endangered
Date of Listing (yyyy-mm-dd): 2005-01-12

Please note that this information is provided for general information purposes only. For the most up to date and accurate list of species listed under the Species at Risk Act, please see the Justice Laws Website.

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Quick Links: | Photo | Description | Distribution and Population | Habitat | Biology | Threats | Protection | Recovery Initiatives | Recovery Team | National Recovery Program | Documents

Image of Kellogg's Rush

Kellogg's Rush Photo 1



Kellogg’s Rush is an inconspicuous annual herb that grows to heights of 0.4 to 4 cm from a short fibrous root. The leaves are bristle-like and grow from the base of the plant. The reddish-brown flowers are mostly single or in clusters of two, and are produced at the end of a leafless stem. The seeds are 0.4 mm long and barrel-shaped.


Distribution and Population

The Kellogg’s Rush is found sporadically in California, Oregon, and Washington in the United States. The only known Canadian occurrence is an isolated population on southeastern Vancouver Island in British Columbia. Observations made in 2001 revealed that the total population at the known Canadian site is likely fewer than 600 plants and occupies an area of less than 25 m². This population has remained relatively stable over the 15-year period since it was found, but undergoes extreme yearly fluctuations depending on seasonal precipitation.



The Kellogg’s Rush requires seasonally wet depressions and temporary pools that are moist to wet in winter and spring and dry in summer. Suitable conditions usually occur in low spots in fields and meadows within Garry Oak habitat.



The ability of the Kellogg’s Rush to survive in a habitat that is very wet in the spring and then dries out completely in summer potentially decreases competition from other species. The Kellogg’s Rush is generally self-pollinating and each seed capsule contains about 50 seeds. Germination experiments conducted on a closely related species indicate that not all seeds germinate in the same year, suggesting that Kellogg’s Rush seeds can survive unfavourable years. The seeds are also known to be able to withstand periods of drought.



Any activity altering the level of water at the site is a potential threat to this species. The only known population occurs in an open area of nationally rare Garry Oak habitat, in a municipal park that is heavily used by walkers and bicyclists, and therefore threatened by trampling and park development. The municipality does not have a management plan for the Kellogg’s Rush in the park and has been engaging in activities on and around the site that, if escalated, could threaten the population.



Federal Protection

The Kellogg's Rush is protected under the federal Species at Risk Act (SARA). More information about SARA, including how it protects individual species, is available in the Species at Risk Act: A Guide.

Provincial and Territorial Protection

To know if this species is protected by provincial or territorial laws, consult the provinces' and territories' websites.


Recovery Initiatives

Status of Recovery Planning

Recovery Strategies :

Name Recovery Strategy for Multi-Species at Risk in Vernal Pools and other Ephemeral Wet Areas Associated with Garry Oak Ecosystems in Canada
Status Final posting on SAR registry


Recovery Team

Garry Oak Ecosystems Recovery Team

  • Conan Webb - Chair/Contact - Parks Canada
    Phone: 250-478-5153  Send Email



PLEASE NOTE: Not all COSEWIC reports are currently available on the SARA Public Registry. Most of the reports not yet available are status reports for species assessed by COSEWIC prior to May 2002. Other COSEWIC reports not yet available may include those species assessed as Extinct, Data Deficient or Not at Risk. In the meantime, they are available on request from the COSEWIC Secretariat.

6 record(s) found.

COSEWIC Status Reports

Response Statements

  • Response Statements - Kellogg's Rush (2004-04-21)

    A response statement is a communications document that identifies how the Minister of the Environment intends to respond to the assessment of a wildlife species by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC). The document provides a start to the listing and recovery process for those species identified as being at risk, and provides timelines for action to the extent possible.

Recovery Strategies

  • Recovery Strategy for Multi-Species at Risk in Vernal Pools and other Ephemeral Wet Areas Associated with Garry Oak Ecosystems in Canada (2016-11-04)

    This multi-species Recovery Strategy has been developed to address the recovery of plants at risk in vernal pools and other temporally wet habitats on southern Vancouver Island and adjacent Gulf Islands. The strategy focuses on all Canadian locations of six species: bog birds-foot trefoil (Lotus pinnatus), tall woolly-heads (Psilocarphus elatior, Pacific population), water-plantain buttercup (Ranunculus alismifolius var. alismifolius), Kellogg's rush (Juncus kelloggii), rosy owl-clover (Orthocarpus bracteosus), and dwarf sandwort (Minuartia pusilla).


  • Order Acknowledging Receipt of the Assessments Done Pursuant to Subsection 23(1) of the Species at Risk Act (2004-04-21)

    This Order acknowledges receipt by the Governor in Council of the assessments of the status of wildlife species done pursuant to subsection 23(1) of the Species at Risk Act (SARA) by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC). The purpose of SARA is to prevent wildlife species from being extirpated or becoming extinct, to provide for the recovery of wildlife species that are extirpated, endangered or threatened as a result of human activity and to manage species of special concern to prevent them from becoming endangered or threatened.
  • Order Amending Schedules 1 to 3 to the Species at Risk Act (volume 139, number 2, 2005) (2005-01-12)

    Schedule 1, the List of Wildlife Species at Risk of the Species at Risk Act (SARA), is amended by Order of the Governor in Council (GIC), on the recommendation of the Minister of the Environment, by the addition of 73 species. This Order is based on scientific assessments by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) and follows consultations with provincial and territorial governments, Aboriginal peoples, stakeholders and the public, and analysis of costs and benefits to Canadians.

Consultation Documents

  • Consultation on Amending the List of Species Under the Species At Risk Act: March 2004 (2004-03-03)

    The Government of Canada proclaimed the Species at Risk Act (SARA) on June 5, 2003 as part of its strategy for the protection of wildlife species at risk. Attached to the Act is Schedule 1, the list of the species that receive protection under SARA, hereinafter referred to as the 'SARA list'. Canadians are invited to comment on whether all or some of the species included in this document should be added to the SARA list.
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